The dietary and millenary habits of those living in the United States from 1870 to 1920 killed off millions of sandpipers, herons, cranes, and water birds. They were sold to restaurants and turned into fancy hats. It was hunting with scatter-shot cannons and decoying with live geese. It had a huge impact. The extinction of the Passenger Pigeon and the dramatic decline in the American Bison (buffalo) are well documented, but many of the birds that suffered the same fate are rarely mentioned. Sandpipers were shot at migratory stopovers and duck eggs taken from nests. It was an untenable approach to wildlife. And, to a large extent, in many countries but not all, it has stopped.
Two of the birds impacted are shown below; the Tricolored Heron (or Louisiana Heron in many older books) and the Willet. One heron and one shorebird or .
The white egrets (herons) were terribly impacted by the millinery trade in the late 1800 and early 1900s. The sandpipers were food well before that period but the Industrial Revolution and its resulting increase in the human population didn’t immediately have people change their ways; they stayed on that “shoot and eat” diet into the early 1900s.